Polish IT
community report
2019

TL;DR

In 2018 The editors of Bulldogjob examined and analyzed the results of surveys collected from over 1466 IT experts from all over Poland. During interviews we asked about technology, earnings, work, development, career, and lifestyle. The questionnaire took an average of 28 minutes to complete. Below are few of many results that shed light on the Polish IT industry:

1.
The most popular technology is JavaScript - 68% declare having basic experience with it
2.
As many as 35% of the surveyed IT specialists do not write documentation during projects
3.
As many as 87% of IT experts pointed out that in an ideal recruitment process, a face-to-face meeting is the way to conduct interviews - the same number of interviewees believe that the best way to select candidates is a job interview
4.
36% of IT experts say that the most important factor when choosing an employer is development opportunities. 33% also factor in a good salary
5.
The most popular form of employment in the IT community is an employment contract - 56% of respondents declared to have one
6.
Google ranked first on the list of the most desirable employers in Poland.

Respondents profile

Demographic profile

Sex

Females 13% Males 87%
Percentage basis for 1466 respondents

Age

28%
58%
13%
1%
16 - 25 y.o
26 - 34 y.o
35 - 44 y.o
45+ y.o
Percentage basis for 1466 respondents

Education

Secondary education 13% Bachelor's degree 29% Master's degree 37% I am still studying 20% Primary education 1%
Percentage basis for 1466 respondents

Place of residence

City of 200 - 500 thousand 16% City 100 - 200 thousand 7% City 20 - 100 thousand 7% City do 20 thousand 3% Village 7% 60% City over 500 thousand
Percentage basis for 1466 respondents

Voivodeship

24% Masovian 18% Lesser Poland 8% Pomeranian 12% Lower Silesian 9% Greater Poland 10% Silesian 7% Łódź 2% West Pomeranian 2% Kujawy -Pomeranian 1% Marmian -Masurian 1% Podlaskie 2% Lublin 1% Świętokrzyskie 1% Subcarpathian 1% Opole 1% Lubusz
Percentage basis for 1466 respondents
Most of the respondents are men (87%). The largest group of respondents is aged 25-34 (58%). Almost 30% have less than 24 years. Only 14% are people over 35 years of age. The respondents are most often people with higher education (65%), and every fifth respondent is currently studying. The majority (60%) live in cities over 500,000 inhabitants and most often in the Masovian (24%), Lesser Poland (18%) or Lower Silesia (12%) voivodships.

Knowledge of foreign languages

What foreign languages you know?

English
100%
German
26%
Russian
10%
French
6%
Spanish
6%
Ttalian
3%
other
5%
Percentage basis for 1466 respondents
Multiple answers possible

Rate the extent to which you know the following foreign languages
(among respondents who know the particular language)

English
2%
14%
53%
31%
German
30%
43%
17%
10%
Russian
28%
44%
17%
11%
French
41%
33%
12%
14%
Spanish
34%
37%
16%
13%
Italian
30%
37%
19%
14%
other
30%
34%
12%
24%
I know it very little - I only know a few basic phrases
I know it at a basic level - I am able to conduct a simple conversation
I know it well - I can communicate in most situations in a fairly free manner
I know it very well - I am fluent in this language in every situation and I know specialized vocabulary
Percentage basis for 1466 respondents
Multiple answers possible

English is the most popular foreign language in the IT community

Almost all respondents know English and at the same time, it is the most popular language known by IT specialists. Most of them (84%) declare their knowledge at a good or very good level. Every fourth respondent knows German, and every tenth knows Russian. Less than 10% of respondents indicated French, Spanish or Italian. Knowledge of these languages ​usually occurs at a basic level.

FROM AN EXPERT'S PERSPECTIVE

Aleksander gozdek
Aleksander Gozdek
SENIOR SOFTWARE ENGINEER
& TRAINING MANAGER
Sda
English in the IT industry is essential. Not only is it useful in dealing with team members working in different parts of the world, but it is also a language that allows you to acquire skills and solve problems. If someone does not know English well enough, they keep their path of development closed, and their daily programmer's work will be significantly harder. This is due to the fact that most of the interesting materials, documentation, blogs, internet forums or films from world conferences are created in English. Programming languages and technologies will constantly evolve, but one thing is certain - English will remain the common language of communication.

Technologies

Knowledge of technology

Which of the following technologies are you familiar with?
(even at a basic level)

Javascript
68%
Java
64%
C++
59%
SQL
54%
C#
48%
Python
47%
C
45%
PHP
42%
.NET
30%
Assembly Language
17%
Visual Basic
15%
Delphi/Object Pascal
11%
Ruby
8%
R
8%
Perl
7%
Swift
6%
Objective-C
6%
Go
5%
Dart
1%
Percentage basis for 1466 respondents
Multiple answers possible

How do you rate your knowledge of the following technologies?

Javascript
5.5
Java
5.7
C++
4.6
SQL
5.6
C#
5.3
Python
4.7
C
4.5
PHP
5.4
.NET
5.6
Assembly Language
3.1
Visual Basic
4.2
Delphi/Object Pascal
4.1
Ruby
4.6
R
3.3
Perl
3.8
Swift
4.8
Objective-C
5
Go
4
Dart
4.4
Question on a scale of 1 - 10.
1 means very low, 10 - a very high level.
The graph shows an average
Percentage basis for 1466 respondents

The most popular technology is JavaScript - 68% of respondents declare a basic knowledge of Java

The majority of respondents, two out of three, declare knowledge of JavaScript or Java technology. 60% of respondents know C ++ and more than half of SQL. Other popular technologies are C # (48%), Python (47%) C (45%) and PHP (42%). 30% of respondents declare knowledge of .NET. Less popular technologies are Assembler (17%), Visual Basic (15%) and Delphi / Object Pascal (11%).

The average knowledge of all aforementioned technologies is maintained at 4.6 (on a scale of 1 - 10 where 1 means very low and 10 - very high). The lowest average is the knowledge of the Assembly Language (3.13), while the highest - Java (5.68).

Favorite technologies and their use

Which of the technologies you are familiar with do you use at work daily?

Javascript
43%
Java
33%
SQL
29%
C#
18%
Python
17%
PHP
16%
.NET
15%
C++
12%
C
6%
Visual Basic
3%
Ruby
2%
Swift
2%
Go
2%
Objective-C
1%
Assembly Language
1%
Delphi/Object Pascal
1%
Perl
1%
Other
10%
Percentage basis for 1466 respondents
Multiple answers possible

What are your favorite tools / technologies that you use at work?

Java
28%
Javascript
24%
C#
17%
Python
15%
PHP
11%
.NET
11%
SQL
10%
C++
9%
C
3%
Ruby
2%
Swift
1%
Go
1%
Visual Basic
1%
Delphi/Object Pascal
1%
Objective-C
1%
other
6%
Percentage basis for 1466 respondents
Multiple answers possible

The most popular technologies are JavaScript (43%) and Java (33%)

JavaScript (43%) and Java (33%) are the most commonly used technologies at work. They are also most often indicated as favorite technologies. The third most commonly used technology is SQL (29%), but only every tenth respondent indicates liking it. C# is used by 18% of respondents and a similar percentage indicates it as a favorite technology. The other most frequently used technologies at work (Python, PHP, .Net, C++, C) are indicated by a similar percentage of respondents as favorites, which shows that IT professionals most often work in technologies they enjoy. The least often indicated as favorite tools / technologies were: Dart, R, Perl, Assembly Language, Objective-C, Delphi / Object Pascal and Visual Basic.

FROM AN EXPERT'S PERSPECTIVE

Pawel bury
Paweł Bury
TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT OF BIG eCOMMERCE
& eCOMMUNICATION DEPARTMENT MANAGER
Kruk
At KRUK S.A. I deal with online solutions every day. Therefore, Java and JavaScript are the bread and butter of my work Therefore, I am not surprised by the high popularity of these languages. Right behind them is SQL, which can safely be described as a "must have" for every developer. In an era of omnipresent APIs, modern frameworks such as Spring and the Spring Boot project make Java, with its relatively high entry threshold, more and more friendly even for young programmers. In addition, the maturity of the language, which is "battle tested", is an irreplaceable feature from a business point of view.

Remember that Java is not just a programming language. Thanks to the Java Virtual Machine (JVM), we get a complete, universal platform that we can downright call an ecosystem. Such an approach allows you to create additional languages ​​that can run on the JVM. One example of this is Kotlin, which is quickly becoming a favorite of Android App developers, among others.

Documentation

Does your current project carry out technical documentation?

35% No 7% Don't know Yes 58%
Percentage basis for 1466 respondents

If so - how would you rate its quality on a scale of 1 - 10?

1%
1%
2%
10%
10%
19%
15%
22%
15%
3%
3%
3%
Average - 5,97
1 - Very bad
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 - exemplary
Percentage basis for 855 respondents

Is there anything that you feel is missing from it?

Update
13%
Completeness
7%
Accuracy / details
7%
Everything / many things
3%
Coherence
2%
Time / people to lead
2%
A description understandable to everyone
2%
Other
7%
There is no such thing
57%
I don't Know
1%
Percentage basis for 855 respondents.
Categorized open question

As many as 35% of surveyed IT specialists do not keep documentation in projects

58% of the surveyed programmers answered that technical documentation is being carried out in the current projects they are working on. More than every third respondent said that there is no such documentation. The average assessment of technical documentation in the conducted projects is 5.97 (on a scale of 1 - 10, where 1 means very bad, and 10 - exemplary). Among the missing elements, the most frequently indicated were updates (13%), completeness (7%) and accuracy / detail (7%).

FROM AN EXPERT'S PERSPECTIVE

Rafal piekarski
Rafał Piekarski
FULL-STACK DEVELOPER
Nowa era
The results of the study do not surprise me at all. It is often mentioned, but nobody has examined it thoroughly yet. Now we can be sure that project documentation is a sore subject for companies. It goes without saying that programmers do not like doing it, and Project Managers very often do not have enough technical knowledge. The fact that as many as 35% of respondents do not keep documentation on IT projects is a crying shame. I realize that it is a time-consuming and boring job. However, if I am to join an ongoing project without documentation, my warning signs fire off. If the company has organized documentation processes, it bodes well about them.

Work

Working conditions

In what area / areas of IT are you employed?

programming
82%
Software architecture
20%
Testing/QA
13%
Project management
10%
Infrastructure (Devops)
10%
Database administration
8%
Interface design (UX/UI)
7%
Consulting
7%
Business analysis
7%
Help desk
6%
System analysis
6%
Network administration
5%
Security
5%
Other
5%
Percentage basis for 1466 respondents
Multiple answers possible

What is your work experience in the IT industry?

16%
17%
12%
11%
8%
22%
14%
Average - 4 years and 10 months
Less than a year
A year
2 years
3 years
4 years
5 to 10 years
Over 10 years
Categorized open question
Percentage basis for 1466 respondents

Work experience

33% Senior Junior 37% 30% Mid / Regular
Categorized open question
JUNIOR is 0-2 years of work experience, MID is 2-5 years of work experience, SENIOR is 5+ years of work experience
Percentage basis for 1466 respondents

On what contract / contracts are you employed?

Contract of employment (Umowa o Pracę)
56%
B2B cooperation
28%
Contract of mandate (Umowa Zlecenie)
14%
Contract of Commission (Umowa o Dzieło)
8%
Multiple answers possible

What are your average monthly earnings after tax?

Median - 5001-6000 PLN net after tax
Under 1500
2%
1500-3000
15%
3001-4000
15%
4001-5000
13%
5001-6000
12%
6001-7000
9%
7001-8000
7%
8001-9000
5%
9001-10000
5%
10001-15000
13%
Above 15000
5%
Percentage basis for 1466 respondents.

What are your average monthly net earnings (after tax) by experience?

EXPERIENCE MEDIAN EARNINGS
Less than 1 year 1500 - 3000 zł
1 year 3001 - 4000 zł
2 years 5001 - 6000 zł
3 years 5001 - 6000 zł
4 years 6001 - 7000 zł
5-10 years 8001 - 9000 zł
Over 10 years 9001 - 10 000 zł

What are your average monthly net earnings (after tax) by type of contract?

TYPE OF CONTRACT MEDIAN EARNINGS
Contract of employment 5001 - 6000 zł
Contract of mandate 3001 - 4000 zł
Contract of commission 3001 - 4000 zł
B2B cooperation 9001 - 10 000 zł

On average, how many hours does your work take per day?

75% 8 hours Under 8 hours 13% Over 8 hours 12%
Percentage basis for 1466 respondents.

A contract of employment (Umowa o Pracę) is the most popular form of employment among the IT community - 56% of respondents declare having it

Most respondents (82%) declare to work in the area of ​​programming, and every fifth respondent deals with software architecture. Less frequently indicated areas are testing / QA (13%), project management (10%), infrastructure (DevOps - 10%), database administration (8%), interface design (UX / UI - 7%) and consulting (7%).

On average, the respondents have been working in the IT industry for 4 years and 10 months. At least half of the respondents worked in this industry for 3 years and 2 months.

The most frequently indicated type of contract is a contract of employment (56%). Almost 30% of respondents work on the basis of a B2B cooperation. Only 14% indicated the contract of mandate, and 8% - a contract of commission.

At least half of IT specialists earn between 5001and 6000 PLN net. Looking at experience, the lowest earnings amount to 1,500 - 3,000 PLN net (for people with IT work experience below one year), for people working over 10 years the median is 9001 - 10,000 PLN net.

Comparing the type of contract, the highest earners are those who undertake a B2B cooperation (at least half earn 9001 - 10,000 PLN net). Three out of four respondents declare that their work takes on average 8 hours a day, only every tenth indicates more hours.

FROM AN EXPERT'S PERSPECTIVE

Pawel rekowski
Paweł Rekowiski
TECHNICAL TEAM LEADER
Emag
For years, the IT industry has been looking like a financial wonderland for those who are only starting their adventure in IT. However, it quickly turns out that the salaries in the range of 15,000 - 20,000 PLN per month are reserved only for experts with a very wide expertise and many years of experience. Many people have no idea how much their work really costs and where the money comes from, which I talked about at the 4Developers conference in 2018. A lot of programmers are not able to earn for themselves, let alone exceed the so-called Break Even Point and earn a profit for the company. From my observations, and over 11 years in the industry, no one accounts for the costs of the employer, taxes, ZUS, costs of the workplace, trainings, etc., which are often 5-10 times higher than the net amount you are payed. That is also your paycheck! Hardly anyone is aware that the head is not a shovel and a problem you are working on, cannot just be switched off until you return for another set of 8 hours the next day. It is often a 24/7 job. If you want to succeed in the IT industry, you need to understand the ins and outs of a business and work solve its problems efficiently. In addition to hard skills, you must be able to work in a team and communicate with it very well. You must have an open mind and be a proactive person. It is a long path, but if stick to it, you can definetely reach the top - good luck!

Development at work

What forms of training / education have you been using or use currently?

Learning along the project
88%
Online courses
73%
Conferences
44%
Specialist training
33%
Meetups/Networking
31%
Hackathons
12%
Postgraduate studies
6%
Other forms
13%
I do not use any of these forms
2%
Percentage basis for 1466 respondents.
Multiple answers possible

What areas of IT were covered by these forms of training?

Programming
90%
Software architecture
44%
Project management
23%
Testing/QA
22%
Security
19%
Infrastructure (Devops)
16%
Database administration
16%
Interface design (UX / UI)
14%
Network administration
10%
Multiple answers possible
Percentage basis for 1443 respondents

As many as 73% of surveyed specialists , get additional training by means of online courses

IT professionals most often declare (88%) that they learn while doing projects. Over 70% use online courses and over 40% participate in conferences. One in three respondents underwent specialized training or participated in meetups / networking. Only 2% of respondents answered that they do not use any form of further education / training.

In the vast majority of cases (92%), additional courses were related to programming. Almost half were about ​​software architecture, and every fourth - project management. Courses were less frequently used in the field of testing / QA (22%), security (19%), infrastructure (DevOps - 17%) and database administration (17%).

FROM AN EXPERT'S PERSPECTIVE

Piotr pacyna
Piotr Pacyna, EngD
VICE DEAN FOR GENERAL AFFAIRS
AT THE FACULTY OF COMPUTER SCIENCE,
ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATIONS
Agh
Low interest in in postgraduate studies is probably connected to the dynamic development of the IT market in Poland in recent years. IT specialists with an attractive job focus on the performance of official duties based on the skills acquired in previously completed forms of education. They use a well-paid job. Having a limited amount of free time, they prefer short forms of acquiring new knowledge.
Postgraduate studies require commitment for a period of two semesters and involvement in classes on weekends, which requires effort for people in certain age groups. However, for highly motivated people who have a well-defined path of their own professional development and promotion, and want to pursue it, post-graduate studies offer solid specialist knowledge, including practical. These include studies at the AGH University of Science and Technology in Kraków, where classes are planned in a manner which ensures that the participant's benefits in relation to the workload are as large as possible.

Job satisfaction and perfect employer

How satisfied are you with your current job?

2%
2%
1%
1%
3%
6%
9%
13%
23%
23%
12%
8%
Average - 6,9
1-very dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10-very satisfied
Percentage basis for 1466 respondents.

The IT community is rather satisfied with its current jobs

IT specialists are rather satisfied with their work (average 6.9 on a scale of 1 - 10, where 1 means very dissatisfied, and 10 - very satisfied). Only every fifth respondent assessed their satisfaction with current work at 5 or lower (DevOps - 17% and database administration - 17%).

What traits define an ideal employer?

Focuses on employee development
36%
Gives the opportunity to receive a good salary
33%
Creates a friendly atmosphere
23%
Appreciates / takes care of the employee
19%
Allows you to participate in interesting projects
18%
Provides flexible working hours
13%
Open/communicative
12%
Honest
12%
Allows the opportunity to work remotely
11%
Interested in new technologies
10%
Competent
9%
Lenient
7%
Allows freedom of action
7%
Has a specific vision and goals
7%
Respects his employees
7%
Forms a good team of employees
5%
Good management/decision-making
5%
Respects work-life balance
5%
Trusts employees
4%
Is solvent, pays on time
4%
Innovative/Creative
4%
Flexible
4%
Helpful
4%
Flexible
4%
Transparent
3%
Focuses on quality
3%
Honest
3%
Has an established position on the market
3%
Well organized
2%
Has a sense of humor
2%
Categorized open question, TOP 30 traits

For 36% of IT respondents, the most important thing when choosing an employer is development

According to the respondents, an ideal employer should be primarily focused on employee development (36%). For every third programmer, the possibility of getting a good salary is crucial. More than every fifth respondent draws attention to providing a good working atmosphere, and a slightly lower percentage on the appreciation of the employee. For 18% it is important to participate in interesting projects. Other important features of an ideal employer include providing flexible working hours (13%), openness/communication skills (12%), honesty (12%), the possibility of remote work (11%) and interest in new technologies (10%). An ideal employer is also described as competent (9%), forgiving (7%) and gives freedom of action (7%).

If you could choose your ideal employer, which company would it be?

Google
28%
Own Company
6%
Microsoft
5%
CD Project Red
3%
Apple
3%
Netguru
3%
Netflix
2%
SpaceX
2%
Facebook
2%
NASA
2%
Allegro
2%
Spartez
2%
Sii
2%
Blizzard
1%
Capgemini
1%
Daftcode
1%
Cern
1%
Ericsson
1%
IBM
1%
Euvic
1%
Amazon
1%
Objectivity
1%
Spotify
1%
SoftwareMill
1%
Intel
1%
11 bit studios
1%
Comarch
1%
Nvidia
1%
STX Next
1%
Categorized open question, TOP 30 Companies

Google came first in the list of the most desired employers in Poland

The most frequently mentioned desired employer (28%), much more frequently mentioned than the others, is Google. 6% of respondents would like to set up their own company and 5% work for Microsoft. The next often mentioned companies are CD Project Red (3%), Apple (3%) and Netguru (3%).

FROM AN EXPERT'S PERSPECTIVE

Radek zaleski
Radek Zaleski
HEAD OF GROWTH
Netguru
We are very happy to be surrounded by such good brands, especially as we are the only one among the leaders who do not have one recognizable product to offer - we are a company providing services for business. And that is a bit boring when compared to The Witcher.

The results confirm what I believe in the most - work culture. In my opinion, it is the culture of our organization distinguishes us, and has been building our strength consistently for years. We know that this can not be achieved with shortcuts, tricks or investing in marketing.

It is crucial for every person at Netguru to develop and react to changing job trends. One often hears the term "remote-friendly" when it comes to the remote working environment, but we take it a step further and choose "remote-first". As a result, our clients and most of our team can be located anywhere in the world. This opens many options when looking for talents and clients, and our numbers and market confirm this.

What you can not see in the study, and what we're most proud of, is the fact that many of our employees found us and joined us thanks to the recommendation of friends. This is the highest sign of quality.

Change of work and recruitment processes

Recruitment processes

Ideal recruitment process - methods of conducting interviews

Face to face meeting
87%
Skype/other online communicator
40%
Phonecall
32%
email correspondence
29%
Other
2%
Multiple answers possible
Percentage basis for 1466 respondents.

Ideal recruitment process - Selection method for candidates

Based on the interview
75%
Based on independently solved technical tasks
58%
Based on the submitted Resume
49%
Based on technical tasks solved during the interview
45%
Other
2%
Percentage basis for 1466 respondents.
Multiple answers possible

Ideal recruitment process - people participating in the recruitment

Immediate supervisor
88%
Future co-worker
74%
HR employee
35%
A member of the company's board
9%
Other people
2%
Multiple answers possible
Percentage basis for 1466 respondents.

As many as 87% of the respondents indicated that in an ideal recruitment process, a face-to-face meeting is the best method of conducting interviews- the same number of respondents consider the interview as the best method of selecting candidates

According to respondents in an ideal recruitment process in the IT industry, interviews should be held face-to-face (87%), candidates should be selected on the basis of the interview (75%), and the direct superior (88%) should participate in recruitment process.

Three in four respondents also indicate the presence of future co-workers during the interview, and more than every third would like the participation of an HR department employee.

Among the methods of conducting interviews, a face-to-face meeting is most often preferred. 40% indicated calls via Skype or other online communicators, and every third chose phone calls. Email correspondence was the least favorite (29%).

For 60% of the surveyed IT specialists, the recruitment process should include an independently solved technical task, and half responded that the submitted CV is what counts. A slightly smaller percentage indicated the solving of technical tasks during the recruitment interview.

FROM AN EXPERT'S PERSPECTIVE

Aga deszczka
Aga Deszczka
DATA SCIENCE
& PRODUCT RECRUITMENT
Facebook
I was surprised to see that as many as 80% of the respondents prefer a "face to face" interview. In the majority of technology companies known to me, the meeting with the team takes place at the very end of the recruitment process and is preceded by meticulous verification through conversations held in a remote form (video or telephone). Perhaps this is a signal for HR departments in the tech industry, suggesting that if we want to stay at the forefront of IT employers, an invitation to the office should take place at an earlier stage of the recruitment process.
Filip rak
Filip Rak
ARCHITECT OF SAMSUNG PAY
& TEAM LEADER
Idemia
Tasks are not assigned in my team, instead, the team decides who carries out what task from the sprints backlog. We are responsible for our own product, which for many means both technical development and the development of the business domain itself. When looking for a new team member, I must be certain that the they will fit into the team's DNA, has the knowledge to do his job, or has a drive to get it. It is important to get to know each other personally, only in this way we can assess that we will get along and we will want to cooperate with each other, and the decision affects the whole team. Therefore, we do not obstruct the recruitment process artificially, one meeting is enough to check the knowledge and attitude. During the conversation, we try to build a good atmosphere, we encourage a change of roles. During this time I am happy to answer questions about the way we work, our tasks and technologies. It is good that such questions arise, they show commitment and testify that future cooperation will bring satisfaction to everyone.

Are you able to name errors or shortcomings that appear in recruitment processes? Did you encounter any of them?

Lack of knowledge in the IT area
25%
No feedback
21%
A difference between the expectations mentioned in the offer and those mentioned during the interview
10%
Pointless questions from HR
10%
No specific information about salaries/salary brackets
8%
None/unmatched technical questions
6%
Arrogant approach from recruiters
5%
Too many recruitment stages
4%
A boilerplate question that does not take into account the candidate's skills
4%
No information about the responsibilities / conditions of cooperation
3%
Problems with communication on the HR line
3%
Too little time for the interview
2%
Solving tasks on the spot, on paper
2%
Rejecting a candidate solely on the basis of their Resume
2%
Providing false information / embellishing
2%
No technical person / members of the future team at the meeting
2%
Too superficial skill checking
2%
Failure to respond to email communication
1%
Recruiter arriving late for an interview
1%
Too many people present during the interview
1%
Other
7%
Categorized open question
Percentage basis for 1466 respondents.

The most commonly encountered problem in IT recruitment processes is the recruiters' lack of knowledge in the IT area - as many as 25% of respondents mentioned this issue

Every fourth respondent believes that during recruitment interviews, recruiters often show a lack of knowledge in the IT area or a lack of knowledge about the position for which they are recruiting. Every fifth respondent would expect feedback after such a meeting. Every tenth draws attention to the differences between the expectations included in the offer and those mentioned during the interview and pointless questions from HR. Other shortcomings or issues mentioned are the lack of specific information on salaries (8%), unmatched technical questions (6%) and the arrogant approach of recruiters (5%).

FROM AN EXPERT'S PERSPECTIVE

Kasia stanczak
Katarzyna Stańczak
TECHNICAL RECRUITER
Microsoft
Feedback from the candidates about the lack of knowledge of IT recruiters is important and the industry should adapt to it because candidates are not only potential employees, but also potential clients. At Microsoft Recruiters are dedicated to specific business areas, so they need knowledge about a specific department for which they conduct the recruitment process. This is a sensible solution that provides good experience on the part of the Candidate and an optimal recruitment process for the employer. Another important element of the recruitment culture is providing feedback to the Candidate. This is not only in the interests of future employees, but also employers. Thanks to new technological solutions that support the recruitment process it is even easier than before, so there is no reason not to do so. Another frequent recruitment error is predefining the job offer.
At Microsoft the job offer reflects the candidate's current skills and professional experience, so we prepare it at the end and not at the beginning of the recruitment process. Thusly, we can avoid any misunderstanding and disappointment on the part of future employees. this is a signal for HR departments in the tech industry, suggesting that if we want to stay at the forefront of IT employers, an invitation to the office should take place at an earlier stage of the recruitment process.

Changing a job

Rate to what extent are you currently interested in a job change?

14%
13%
10%
10%
8%
12%
10%
9%
4%
10%
Average - 5,0
1 - not interested at all
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 - very interested
Percentage basis for 1466 respondents.

What could motivate you to change your job?

A more attractive salary offer
8.2
Friendly atmosphere and free work culture
7.8
Flexible working hours
7.3
Opportunities for promotion
7.2
Opportunities for professional development
7
Technological innovation of the employer
7
Ability to work remotely
6.7
Business ethics - standards
6.1
A position of greater freedom of action
6
Contract of Employment
5
Non-wage benefits
4.9
Opportunities for promotion: development of managerial competences
4.9
Employer brand / prestige
4.6
B2B cooperation
4.3
International nature of the company
4.2
Company size, number of employees
3.6
Quotas, gender balance in the company
2.7
Contract of mandate
2.2
Contract of commission
2
Percentage basis for 1466 respondents.
the average on a scale of 1 - 10

Where would you look for information about a future Employer and job offers?

Social Media
79%
Friends
71%
Job websites
56%
Career tabs on employer websites
56%
Websitges with opinions about employers
50%
Discussion forums
40%
Employee or Company blogs
28%
Job fairs
25%
Other
3%
Percentage basis for 1466 respondents.
Multiple answers possible

Half of the respondents is interested in a change of jobs, and one in ten is very much interested

The most frequently mentioned motivations for a job change are the offer of attractive earnings, friendly atmosphere and free work culture as well as flexible working hours. IT specialists would also be convinced by the possibility of promotion and the possibility of professional development. The least-indicated motivators are a contract of mandate or commission. Quotas and gender balance in the company also seem to be of low importance.

The most frequently indicated source of information when researching future Employers and job offers is social media (eg Facebook, LinkedIn) - three out of four respondents have indicated it. Over 70% of respondents look for information on new jobs among friends, and 56% - on job websites (eg GitHub, StackOverflow, Bulldogjob) and in the "Career" tab on employers websites.

LIFESTYLE

How often do you do the following?

playing sports
72%
10%
13%
5%
meeting friends
62%
24%
13%
1%
reading books
60%
11%
25%
4%
ordering food
56%
26%
15%
3%
playing videogames
53%
11%
21%
15%
metting with family
48%
32%
19%
1%
watching TV
45%
9%
18%
29%
going to a restaurant
39%
31%
28%
3%
going to a bar
26%
34%
34%
6%
clubbing
12%
23%
53%
12%
attending a sport event
8%
9%
57%
26%
going to the cinema
7%
29%
60%
4%
shopping for clothes
5%
34%
60%
1%
going to a theatre
2%
4%
69%
25%
going on holiday
1%
2%
93%
4%
Once a week or more often
Once a month
Less often than once a month
Never
Percentage basis for 1466 respondents.
Multiple answers possible

The IT community declares an active lifestyle - 72% of respondents practice sports at least once a week

Over 70% of the surveyed IT community declares that they practice sport at least once a week. Over 60% also meet with friends, and almost half meet with family, at least once a week. Nearly 60% of the respondents order food once a week or more often, and 40% eat at restaurants just as often. Every fourth IT specialist goes to the bar at least once a week, but more than half attends a night party less than once a month. Cinema and sports events are chosen by 60% of respondents less often than once a month, of which sports events are completely ignored by a forth of respondents. Developers declare that they read books more often than they play videogames.

Preferences

'Kubota' Slippers
60%
Sandals
Star Wars
81%
Star Trek
Front-end
77%
Back-end
PlayStation
70%
XBox
Kebab
66%
Salad
Family Guy
51%
The Simpsons
Classic Star Wars
77%
New Star Wars
Android
76%
iOS
Microsoft
69%
Apple
Steve Jobs
72%
Elon Musk
Sweaters
69%
Hoodies
VIM
68%
Visual Studio
Slack
51%
Facebook
C/C++
68%
Java/Python
GitHub
76%
BitBucket
Azure
57%
AWS
Batman
75%
Superman
Marvel
85%
DC Comics
Percentage basis for 1197 respondents.

Your favorite Star Wars character is:

Master Yoda
15%
Obi-Wan Kenobi
12%
Han Solo
11%
Darth Vader
9%
R2-D2
9%
Chewbacca
5%
Luke Skywalker
5%
Anakin Skywalker
4%
Qui-Gon Jinn
4%
Jar Jar Binks
3%
Darth Maul
3%
Leia Organa
2%
Boba Fett
2%
BB-8
2%
C-3PO
2%
Rey
2%
Palpatine
2%
Mace Windu
2%
Kylo Ren
1%
Stormtroopers
1%
Jabba the Hutt
1%
Admiral Ackbar
1%
Padme Amidala
1%
Percentage basis for 1065 respondents.

Master Yoda, Obi-Wan Kenobi and Han Solo are the most liked characters in the Star Wars series

Given the aforementioned choices, the surveyed IT specialists will more often choose sandals than kubotas and prefer PlayStation consoles rather than Xbox. The vast majority will pick Back-end (77%) and prefer Elon Musk over Steve Jobs (72% vs. 28%). Among the pop-culture choices, Star Wars dominates over Star Trek (81% vs 19%), and old Star Wars over new ones (77% vs 23%). Batman wins with Superman (75% vs 25%) and Marvel with DC Comics (83% vs. 17%). The IT community will mostly choose Android (78%) and Microsoft (69%).

Methodology

  • The study was carried out from August 14 to September 30, 2018. At the time of publication, this is the latest source of data on the IT industry. The respondents were IT specialists, diverse in terms of experience, seniority and demography.
  • The recruitment for the study took place through the bulldogjob.pl website and social channels belonging to or cooperating with Bulldogjob.
  • The study was completely anonymous - on the basis of statistical studies it is not possible to assign specific answers to individual respondents. However, they had the option of providing their e-mail address voluntarily in order to obtain access to the results of the survey.
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  • The questionnaire was designed to be easily completable on both desktop devices (laptops, PCs) and mobile devices (smartphones, tablets). The total number of contacts with the questionnaire (with the first question in the questionnaire answered) was 4054, of which 1466 fully completed surveys were collected. The analysis included only respondents who answered all the questions displayed to them and were positively verified in terms of data quality (adequate minimum time to complete the questionnaire, providing substantive answers to open questions).
  • the average completion time of the questionnaire was 27 minutes 54 seconds. Interviews with a completion time of less than 5 minutes where excluded from the analysis.
  • The survey questionnaire contained a full range of basic types of questions: closed and open questions, questions on a scale and matrix questions. In all questions, an answer was required to proceed to the next question or to successfully complete the survey. This eliminated the possibility of missing data.
  • The questionnaire took advantage of the possibility of randomization of answers or questions, where it was justified, so as to minimize the so-called serial position effect or priority bias.
  • Not all questions respondents were subjected to all questions - the questionnaire contained filtering questions that limited the group of respondents to those meeting specific criteria. Therefore, on some charts a different basis of interest (N) can be observed.

Substantial contribution

... that's all folks! Thank you!

- Zoya Dog paw