Technologies

See which technologies are most popular among IT specialists. Check the most popular programming languages, operating systems or AI tools

Polish IT Community Report 2024 Hero Image

Technologies

Comment

SQL takes first place, and it's not by accident. Are you programming web apps? Or maybe mobile? Is Data Science or AI your thing? Without a doubt, data needs to be stored somewhere, and SQL fits the bill perfectly.

However, moving on to more "creative" languages, we see a strong position for JavaScript and TypeScript. The development of Node.js over the years positions JS not only as the sole language operating directly on the browser side (excluding HTML), but also a serious candidate for backend, games, and even hardware. Undoubtedly, it's worth knowing.

The development of Python in 3rd place is also not surprising. In the age of artificial intelligence, I predict that this language will only become more important. And although its style and syntax, unlike still popular object-oriented languages like Java, C#, or my favorite - PHP, are somewhat different, it's worth directing your attention here as well.

Go, Rust, or R, while not ranking high, are considered languages for specialists. Therefore, it's worth paying attention not only to what the crowd follows but also to areas where market competition is significantly limited. However, I wouldn't recommend these technologies to beginners, as they are somewhat more demanding. Nonetheless, due to their not very widespread use, this could be an interesting and well-paid niche.

Marcin Lenkowski
Senior Software Engineer | @lenkowski_dev
What kind of solutions do you use?
Based on the answers of Admins, DevOps specialists, and Programmers
Cloud
58.3%
On-premise
29.8%
Dedicated servers
28.3%
Other
16.8%
Serverless
13.5%
VPS
12.4%
What operating system do you use at work?
Windows
73.5%
Linux
65.2%
macOS
24.3%
Other
3.1%
Windows
94.2%
Linux
8.9%
macOS
7.4%
Other
0.8%
Windows
73.8%
Linux
33.8%
macOS
26.2%
Other
3.1%
Windows
54.8%
Linux
42.3%
macOS
25.0%
Windows
80.6%
Linux
36.5%
macOS
16.7%
Other
4.0%
Windows
76.6%
macOS
26.5%
Linux
13.7%
Other
1.4%
Windows
61.2%
Linux
35.0%
macOS
28.3%
Other
0.6%
Windows
94.0%
Linux
31.5%
macOS
21.5%
Other
3.4%
Windows
82.5%
macOS
22.3%
Linux
21.3%
Other
1.0%
macOS
69.5%
Windows
35.8%
Linux
2.1%
Other
1.1%
A significant difference compared to 2023 can be observed in the case of IT Architects, who most recently chose Windows 83% of the time, but now only 74%. Linux has also lost popularity, while macOS has gained 5 percentage points. The same situation is observed in the case of Data Science/ML/AI specialists. In other specializations, the results have changed slightly.
What operating system do you use at home?
Windows
80.3%
Linux
41.4%
macOS
26.7%
Other
1.7%
Windows
90.8%
Linux
16.8%
macOS
12.2%
Other
1.9%
Windows
64.6%
macOS
41.5%
Linux
33.8%
Other
1.5%
Windows
73.8%
Linux
39.8%
macOS
24.3%
Windows
85.2%
Linux
30.0%
macOS
18.4%
Other
2.8%
Windows
75.6%
macOS
33.0%
Linux
12.4%
Other
3.4%
Windows
75.2%
Linux
28.6%
macOS
26.7%
Other
1.1%
Windows
89.3%
Linux
30.9%
macOS
26.2%
Other
2.7%
Windows
88.1%
macOS
19.9%
Linux
14.2%
Other
1.1%
macOS
60.0%
Windows
56.8%
Linux
3.2%
Other
1.1%
Which operating systems do you use on your phone?
Android
66.7%
iOS
41.7%
Other
0.2%
Android
71.1%
iOS
36.5%
Android
60.0%
iOS
47.7%
Android
62.9%
iOS
39.0%
Android
71.1%
iOS
33.6%
Other
1.6%
Android
60.4%
iOS
46.4%
Android
68.0%
iOS
34.7%
Other
0.5%
Android
70.2%
iOS
48.3%
Other
1.3%
Android
71.8%
iOS
39.6%
Other
0.3%
iOS
64.6%
Android
37.4%
How do you see the impact of artificial intelligence on the future of your career?
It's a change
52.9%
It has no influence
20.6%
It's a risk
13.6%
I don't know
12.9%
Fewer respondents than in the previous report believe that AI is an opportunity. The same number more, in turn, believe that it is a threat. Less decisive answers received the same result as last year.

Comment

For several years, we have observed a steadily growing interest in solutions based on artificial intelligence technology, and currently, many business needs require the development of algorithms with a significant degree of complexity. Therefore, as AI becomes a business-expected solution, it's not surprising that an increasing number of developers interested in developing their skills and careers are also focused on it. Within our IT structures, we observe a high interest in the activities of the PZU GPT Lab team, established as a sandbox. The team tests the use of popular generative artificial intelligence in meeting business needs. We provide our employees with training programs so they can expand their knowledge and acquire important skills for us, while also giving them the opportunity to test their acquired knowledge in practice. We try to share knowledge and experience on artificial intelligence, including during internal conferences, such as PZU Tech Day, or by producing the <<silni w IT>> technology podcast, the first season of which we dedicated to AI.

The results of the report show that half of the respondents see AI as an opportunity for their career development. This level is comparable to the results of last year's study. Skeptics still constitute a decided minority. The positive attitude towards AI may be partly related to the skills concerning the use of another tool, expanding the range of competencies, and thus increasing their value in the eyes of potential employers. At the same time, many IT specialists see an opportunity in solutions supporting daily work and software production, especially those of a low degree of complexity. At PZU, we internally test popular solutions, trying to verify the real value they can bring to programmers.

Aleksandra Kozacka
Director of IT Solutions Delivery
PZU
Which AI tools do you use regularly?
Chatbots - ChatGPT, Bard, etc.
65.3%
I do not use AI tools.
31.7%
Coding assistants - GitHub Copilot, CodeWhisperer, etc.
11.1%
Image generators - Midjourney, DALL-E, etc.
6.4%
Specialized chatbots - GitHub Copilot Chat, etc.
5.4%
Other
1.7%
Chatbots - ChatGPT, Bard, etc.
60.6%
I do not use AI tools.
37.9%
Coding assistants - GitHub Copilot, CodeWhisperer, etc.
6.1%
Image generators - Midjourney, DALL-E, etc.
5.3%
Other
2.3%
Specialized chatbots - GitHub Copilot Chat, etc.
1.9%
Chatbots - ChatGPT, Bard, etc.
69.2%
I do not use AI tools.
30.8%
Coding assistants - GitHub Copilot, CodeWhisperer, etc.
23.1%
Image generators - Midjourney, DALL-E, etc.
13.8%
Specialized chatbots - GitHub Copilot Chat, etc.
12.3%
Other
4.6%
Chatbots - ChatGPT, Bard, etc.
79.0%
Coding assistants - GitHub Copilot, CodeWhisperer, etc.
23.8%
Image generators - Midjourney, DALL-E, etc.
19.0%
I do not use AI tools.
16.2%
Specialized chatbots - GitHub Copilot Chat, etc.
13.3%
Other
3.8%
Chatbots - ChatGPT, Bard, etc.
61.8%
I do not use AI tools.
33.9%
Coding assistants - GitHub Copilot, CodeWhisperer, etc.
10.6%
Image generators - Midjourney, DALL-E, etc.
5.1%
Specialized chatbots - GitHub Copilot Chat, etc.
5.1%
Other
2.8%
Chatbots - ChatGPT, Bard, etc.
65.8%
I do not use AI tools.
32.5%
Image generators - Midjourney, DALL-E, etc.
9.9%
Coding assistants - GitHub Copilot, CodeWhisperer, etc.
6.8%
Specialized chatbots - GitHub Copilot Chat, etc.
3.8%
Other
2.4%
Chatbots - ChatGPT, Bard, etc.
63.4%
I do not use AI tools.
30.1%
Coding assistants - GitHub Copilot, CodeWhisperer, etc.
22.9%
Specialized chatbots - GitHub Copilot Chat, etc.
9.4%
Image generators - Midjourney, DALL-E, etc.
4.7%
Other
1.8%
Chatbots - ChatGPT, Bard, etc.
56.7%
I do not use AI tools.
42.0%
Image generators - Midjourney, DALL-E, etc.
6.7%
Coding assistants - GitHub Copilot, CodeWhisperer, etc.
6.7%
Other
2.0%
Specialized chatbots - GitHub Copilot Chat, etc.
2.0%
Chatbots - ChatGPT, Bard, etc.
54.6%
I do not use AI tools.
44.0%
Coding assistants - GitHub Copilot, CodeWhisperer, etc.
7.7%
Image generators - Midjourney, DALL-E, etc.
3.7%
Specialized chatbots - GitHub Copilot Chat, etc.
2.5%
Other
1.1%
Chatbots - ChatGPT, Bard, etc.
79.8%
Image generators - Midjourney, DALL-E, etc.
43.4%
I do not use AI tools.
16.2%
Other
5.1%
Specialized chatbots - GitHub Copilot Chat, etc.
2.0%
Coding assistants - GitHub Copilot, CodeWhisperer, etc.
1.0%
As can be seen, specialists from each specialization mostly use AI tools in their daily work. Testers/QA and Support are the most resistant to it. It's somewhat surprising that so few programmers make use of coding assistants.
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